Sentencing under the Young Offenders Act

Young persons and their parents may be interested in knowing what dispositions are generally imposed under the Young Offenders Act. It is important to realize that most crimes committed by young persons are thefts, possession of stolen property, break and enters, common assaults, and breaches of probation.

The table below shows in blue the number of sentencing dispositions for 12 to 15 year olds made by a Youth Court in the Judicial District of Peel in Ontario with respect to each of the offences listed. The data is sorted from the most frequent offences to the least frequent offences. Percentage shows the number of dispositions for that particular offence divided by the total number of dispositions in the database (9150). It is apparent that most sentencing dispositions relate to property and other non-violent offences. For the most part the young people of Mississauga, Brampton, and Caledon are law-abiding and those who are involved in criminal behaviour are rarely violent.

Note that Section refers to the section under the Criminal Code of Canada or other statute. The numbers shown for theft under and possession under are actually lower than they should be since alternative measures cases are not shown and some other shopliftings were left out of the database so as not to distort the sentence prediction capabilities of the database.

Ontario Court (Provincial Division)
Brampton Family Court Youth Court
April 1, 1984 to December 31, 1994

For Details of Sentences for a Specific Offence Click Here

SECTION OFFENCE NUMBER PERCENTAGE
334(b) THEFT UNDER $200 (OR $1000) 2172 0.24
355(b) POSSESSION UNDER $200 ($1000) 707 0.08
348(1)(b) BREAK & ENTER DWELLING HOUSE & I OFFENCE 607 0.07
266 ASSAULT 590 0.06
Y.O.A.s.26 WILFUL FAILURE TO COMPLY W/DISPOSITION 462 0.05
348(1)(b) BREAK & ENTER NON-DWEL HOUSE & I OFFENCE 361 0.04
145 FAILURE TO APPEAR, BREACH OF RECOG. ETC. 321 0.04
430(4) MISCHIEF RE OTHER PROPERTY (UNDER $1000) 320 0.03
355(a) POSSESSION OVER $200 (OR $1000) 272 0.03
334(a) THEFT OVER $200 (OR $1000) 249 0.03
335 TAKE AUTO WITHOUT OWNER'S CONSENT 246 0.03
  HABITUALLY ABSENT FROM SCHOOL 238 0.03
430(3) MISCHIEF-PUBLIC PROPERTY (OR OVER $1000) 231 0.03
  TRESPASS TO PROPERTY 182 0.02
  HIGHWAY TRAFFIC ACT OFFENCES 181 0.02
087 POSSESSION OF A WEAPON DANGEROUS 168 0.02
271(1) SEXUAL ASSAULT 154 0.02
267(1)(b) ASSAULT CAUSING BODILY HARM 121 0.01
267(1)(a) ASSAULT WITH A WEAPON 109 0.01
342 THEFT,USE,FORGERY OF CREDIT CARD 98 0.01
  MINOR CONSUME ALCOHOL 89 0.01
463 ATTEMPTS, ACCESSORIES 82 0.01
348(1)(a) BREAK & ENTER DWELLING HOUSE WITH INTENT 74 0.01
264.1(1)(a) THREATENING DEATH OR BODILY HARM 64 0.01
348(1)(a) BREAK & ENTER NON-DWEL HOUSE WITH INTENT 63 0.01
  POSSESSION OF NARCOTIC - CANNABIS SATIVA 56 0.01
380(1)(b) FRAUD UNDER $200 (OR $1000) 49 0.01
463/334 ATTEMPT THEFT 49 0.01
344 ROBBERY WITH VIOLENCE 44 0.00
145(1)(a) ESCAPE CUSTODY 44 0.00
140 PUBLIC MISCHIEF 43 0.00
  TORONTO AREA TRANSIT ACT 42 0.00
249(2) DANGEROUS DRIVING (OPERATION) 41 0.00
252(1) FAILURE TO STOP AT SCENE OF AN ACCIDENT 40 0.00
090(1) POSSESSION OF A PROHIBITED WEAPON 37 0.00
POA 75(d) FAIL TO COMPLY PROB'N (PROV. OFFENCES) 35 0.00
351(1) POSSESSION OF HOUSEBREAKING INSTRUMENTS 30 0.00
344 ROBBERY: ASSAULT WITH INTENT TO STEAL 26 0.00
89 CARRYING CONCEALED WEAPON 26 0.00
086(2) CARELESS USE OF FIREARM 26 0.00
270(2) ASSAULTING A PEACE OFFICER 23 0.00
368(1) UTTERING, USING A FORGERY 22 0.00
139(2) OBSTRUCT JUSTICE 21 0.00
129 OBSTRUCT A PEACE OFFICER 21 0.00
437 FALSE ALARM OF FIRE 20 0.00
434 SETTING FIRE TO OTHER SUBSTANCE 18 0.00
089 CARRYING CONCEALED WEAPON 14 0.00
344 ROBBERY (ARMED) 14 0.00
175(1) CAUSE A DISTURBANCE 14 0.00
463/344 ATTEMPT ROBBERY 12 0.00
279(2) FORCIBLE CONFINEMENT 11 0.00
151 SEXUAL INTERFERENCE 10 0.00
380(1)(a) FRAUD OVER $200 (OR $1000) 10 0.00
349(1) BEING UNLAWFULLY IN A DWELLING HOUSE 10 0.00
173 INDECENT ACT 10 0.00
393(3) TRANSPORTATION FRAUD 9 0.00
372(2)or(3) INDECENT/HARASSING TELEPHONE CALLS 9 0.00
091(1) POSSESSION OF A RESTRICTED WEAPON 9 0.00
NCA 5(1) IMPORTING OR EXPORTING NARCOTIC 8 0.00
264.1(1)(bc THREATENING DAMAGE TO PRPERTY OR ANIMAL 8 0.00
346(1) EXTORTION 8 0.00
465 CONSPIRACY 7 0.00
433(1) ARSON 7 0.00
430(2) MISCHIEF ENDANGERING LIFE 6 0.00
356(1)(a) THEFT FROM MAIL 6 0.00
  CRIMINAL NEGLIGENCE IN OPER. OF MOT. VEH 6 0.00
    6 0.00
272(d) SEXUAL ASSAULT: PARTIES 5 0.00
152 INVITATION TO SEXUAL TOUCHING 4 0.00
403 PERSONATION 4 0.00
085(1) USE OF FIREARM DURING AN OFFENCE 4 0.00
LLA s.45(4) INTOXICATED IN PUBLIC PLACE 3 0.00
  WILFUL DAMAGE UNDER $50 3 0.00
268(2) AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 3 0.00
221 CAUSING BODILY HARM BY CRIMINAL NEG. 3 0.00
145(1)(b) UNLAWFULLY AT LARGE 3 0.00
  INDECENT ASSAULT ON FEMALE 3 0.00
086(1) POINT FIREARM 3 0.00
CAIA2(1)(a) DRIVE WITH NO INSURANCE 2 0.00
Aero s.7 REGULATION UNDER AERONAUTICS ACT 2 0.00
  POSS'N FOR PURPOSE - CANNABIS SATIVA 2 0.00
FDA s.47(1) POSSESSION OF RESTRICTED DRUG 2 0.00
367(1) FORGERY 2 0.00
362(2)(a) FALSE PRETENCES OVER $200 (OR $1000) 2 0.00
326(1)334(b THEFT OF ELECTRICITY,GAS,TELECOMMUNICATN 2 0.00
272(a) SEXUAL ASSAULT WITH A WEAPON 2 0.00
269 UNLAWFULLY CAUSING BODILY HARM 2 0.00
236 MANSLAUGHTER 2 0.00
145(1)(b) BEING UNLAWFULLY AT LARGE 2 0.00
132 PERJURY 2 0.00
  GAME AND FISH ACT 1 0.00
372(1) FALSE MESSAGES 1 0.00
249(3) DANGEROUS OPERATION CAUSING BODILY HARM 1 0.00
  AIRPORT TRAFFIC OFFENCES 1 0.00
AirCarrS 23 FALSE DECL'N WEAPON ETC. AIR CARRIER Reg 1 0.00
177 TRESPASS AT NIGHT 1 0.00
97(3) ACQUIRE FIREARM WITHOUT CERTIFICATE 1 0.00
NCA 4(2) TRAFFICKING - HEROIN, OPIUM POPPY 1 0.00
445(a) KILL/INJURE ANIMAL 1 0.00
423 INTIMIDATION 1 0.00
362(2)(b) FALSE PRETENCES UNDER $200 (OR $1000) 1 0.00
351(2) DISGUISE W/INTENT (BEING MASKED) 1 0.00
352 POSS'N OF COINBOX BREAKING INSTRUMENTS 1 0.00
279 KIDNAPPING 1 0.00
253(a) IMPAIRED DRIVING (OPERATION) 1 0.00
244 DISCHARGE OF FIREARM, WITH INTENT 1 0.00
212(1) PROCURING TO HAVE ILLICIT SEX INTERCOURS 1 0.00
  GROSS INDECENCY 1 0.00
160 BEASTIALITY 1 0.00
082 POSSESSING EXPLOSIVE 1 0.00
    9150